November 10, 2010

Constantin Brancusi, the Genius Sculptor

"Things are not difficult to make, what is difficult is putting ourselves in the state of mind to make them". Constantin Brancusi 

The Endless Column / Coloana Infinitului
The Endless Column / Coloana Infinitului

Constantin Brancusi , one of he greatest 20-th century sculptor was born on the 19th of February 1876, in the village of Hobita, in Gorj, near Targu Jiu, Romania.  He graduated the School of Arts and Crafts from Craiova, the School of Belle Arte in Bucharest and then he was accepted at Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts from Paris. Since 1910, he starts working at the cycle of the Birds and also at the cycle Miss Pogany, and in 1914, he had his first personal exhibition in New York. For 20 years (1919-1939), he had plenty of personal exhibitions, and  he was granted with many medals at different contests/ group exhibitions. He died on the 16th of March 1957, at Paris. He carved in wood, limestone and marble or molded in steel and bronze- sometimes in a single work, mounted one piece of art in top to another, considering “the base” as an integral part of his artwork.

 Constantin Brancusi: The Essence of Things Constantin Brancusi. Constantin Brancusi (MoMA Artist Series)

His simple and subtle works are housed in the New York Museum of Modern Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art  and in Bucharest in the National Museum of Art of Romania, as well as in other major museums around the world. His art is linked with the simplicity of the Romanian folks, the forms from nature and were influenced also by Rodin and the Impressionists, and by African and prehistoric sculptures.

Constantin Brancusi: Sculpting Within the Essence of Things  Brancusi (Great Modern Masters)  Brancusi: Revised Edition

" Simplicity is not an objective in art, but one achieves simplicity despite one's self by entering into the real sense of things."  Constantin Brancusi 

The Târgu Jiu Sculptural Ensemble enlisted in the European heritage after 1989 (alongside with Romanian Athaneum, the Fortress of Histria and the Cantacuzino Palace),  was inaugurated on October 27th, 1938, in Targu Jiu, Gorj county and was made at the initiative of Aretia Tatarescu, president of National League of the Women of Gorj. The  three sculptural components are disposed on an axis 1,275 meters long, in the Central Park from Targu Jiu:

The Silence Table / Masa Tacerii - Targu Jiu - Romania
The Table of Silence / Masa Tacerii

The Gate of the Kiss / Poarta Sarutului - Targu Jiu - Romania
The Gate of the Kiss / Poarta Sarutului

Coloana Infinitului / The Endless Column - Targu Jiu - Romania
The Endless Column / Coloana fara Sfarsit / Coloana Infinitului

"I do not aspire to be in fashion. For what is in fashion, goes out of fashion… 
If, on the contrary, your work is contested today, it doesn’t matter. 
For when it is finally understood, it will be for eternity." Constantin Brancusi

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