January 29, 2011

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Romania

There are many beautiful and unique natural wild territories, and places full of inspiration and history inherited by Romanians from Thracians,  Dacians and Romans or having Byzantine / Ottoman influences.  Few of them was identified having unique features and was included by UNESCO on the List of World Heritage Sites.

UNESCO - The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopted in 1972 an international treaty named " Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" identifying cultural and natural heritage teritories in order to protect and preserve them to be passed on to future generations. Until June 2010, this Convention was ratified by 187  States Parties (Romania ratified the Convention in 16 May 1990). The World Heritage List includes 911 properties located in 151 States Parties: 704 cultural, 180 natural and 27 mixed sites forming part of the cultural and natural universal heritage. Once included in World Heritage List, the sites became part of the World Heritage, belonging to the peoples all over the world wherever they are located.


Danube Delta - postcard - Romanian Natural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Danube Delta - postcard - Romanian Natural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

From Romania were included 7 sites and I would like to remind them for those who still do not know them:

On the natural category, until now was accepted only the Danube Delta (since 1991) -> the whole region where the Danube River discharges into Black Sea. There are few other natural parks submitted on the tentative list, pending to be accepted in this list as: Retezat National Park / Parcul National Retezat and Rodna Mountains / Pietrosul Rodnei.

On the cultural category were accepted six sites, some of them having several components:

* Churches of Moldavia - Suceava county ( since 1993) : Voroneţ, Sucevita, Moldovita, Manastirea Humorului,  Saint George's Church of Suceava, Probota, Arbore, Patrauti.

Sucevita Monastery (postcard) -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Sucevita Monastery (postcard) -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

 * Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains (since 1999): Sarmizegetusa Regia - The Capital of Dacia, Costesti-Blidaru, Costesti - Cetățuie, Piatra Rosie, Banita, Capâlna.

Sarmizegetusa - The Capital of Dacia -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Sarmizegetusa - The Capital of Dacia

* Historic Centre of Sighişoara - Mures County(since 1999)

Sighisoara (postcard) -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Sighisoara  (postcard) -  Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

 * Monastery of Horezu - Vâlcea county(since 1993)

Horezu Monastery - Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Horezu Monastery -  Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

   * Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania (since 1993): Biertan,  Câlnic, Dârjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, Viscri 

Viscri Fortified Church -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Viscri Fortified Church -Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

  * Wooden Churches of Maramureş ( since 1999): Bârsana, Budesti,  Desesti, Ieud,  Plopis / Sisesti Commune, Poienile Izei,  Rogoz / Târgu Lapus, Surdesti / Sisesti Commune.


Poienile Izei Wooden Church - Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Poienile Izei Wooden Church - Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites





The full list of the Romanian sites submitted to be accepted as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and still pending to be accepted is:

    * Neamt Monastery / Mânastirea Neamtului(1991)
    * Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Ensembles of Curtea de Arges / Ansamblul bizantin si post-bizantin Curtea de Arges(1991)
    * Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brancusi in Târgu Jiu / Ansamblul Sculptural Constantin Brancusi (1991)
    * Rupestrian Ensemble in Basarabi, Dobruja / Ansamblul rupestru din Basarabi, Dobrogea (1991)
    * Three Hierarchs Monastery/ Mânastirea Trei Ierarhi  (1991)
    * Fortified Houses from Oltenia / Cule din Oltenia (1991)
    * Densus Church / Biserica din Densus (1991)
    * Historic Town of Alba-Iulia / Orasul istoric Alba Iulia (1991)
    * Retezat National Park / Parcul National Retezat(1991)
    * Rodna Mountains / Pietrosul Rodnei (1991)
    * Sânpetru Formation (paleontological site) / Site-ul paleontologic de la Sânpetru, Hunedoara (1991)
    * Slătioara Secular Forest  / Codrul secular Slatiora  (1991)
    * The Historic Centre of Sibiu and its Ensemble of Squares / Centrul istoric al Sibiului (2004)

Voronet Monastery (postcard) - Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites
Voronet Monastery (postcard) - Cultural Site on the List of World Heritage Sites

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